Polo-Shirts Textile Terms and Definitions


The ability of a fabric absorb moisture. Absorbency effects the characteristics of the fabric such as comfort, static build-up, shrinkage, stain removal, water repellency, and wrinkle recovery.


A term applied to a yarn or a fabric that is made up of more than one fibre. The fabric or yarn can be blended. With yarns, two or more different types of fibres are twisted or spun together. By blending fibres together it is possible to improve the performance of the fabric. The most common blend for polo-shirts and sweatshirts is polyester and cotton.


A process used to detangle and align the fibres in preparation for spinning. The process also removes dirt and foreign matter.


A term used to describe a dyed fabric's ability to resist fading or dye loss due to washing, exposure to sunlight, and other conditions. For superior colourfastness we use reactive dyes on many of our 100 cotton items. For examples of products using reactive dyes please see our polo shirts.

Combed Yarn

The combing process is an additional step after carding. In this process the fibres are arranged in a parallel form. Combing produces a superior fabric higher quality fabric because during the combing process short fibres are removed. This gives the yarn excellent strength, fineness, and uniformity. For examples of products using combed yarns please see our polo shirts.

Crease Resistance

A process that Improves the Crease recovery And Smooth-drying Properties of a fabric. In The Process Used Most Extensively, The fabric Is impregnated with a solution that is absorbed into the fibres. After processing the fabric has improved crease resistance. For examples of products using crease resistance please see our woven shirts.


The ability of a fabric to resist wear through continued use.


A process of embellishment where a fabric or garment has coloured threads are sewn on to the fabric to create a design.


The component from which a yarn is produced. It can natural or man made.

Grams per square meter (GSM)

A measure of fabric weight. The weight in grams for a piece of fabric with the dimensions of 1m x 1m square.


An insulation, padding, or stiffening fabric sewn to the underside of the fabric.


Fabrics used to support, reinforce or give shape to sewn garments. The interlining is normally placed between two layers of fabric.

Jersey Fabric

A style of knitted fabric using the jersey stitch to produces a fabric with a smooth, flat face, and a more textured, but uniform back. For examples of products using jersey fabric please see our T-shirts.

Knit Fabrics

Fabrics made from interlinking looped yarns. For examples of products using reactive dyes please see our polo shirtst-shirts and sweatshirts.


The first completely man made (synthetic) fibre. Its major features are high strength and excellent resilience, nylon has superior abrasion resistance and high flexibility.


A fine, soft, lightweight woven cotton or blended with manufactured fibres in a 2 x 1 basket weave. For examples of products using reactive dyes please see our woven shirt.

Pill, Pilling

Accumulations of fibres on the surface of a fabric. These "balls" of fibres occur during wear.


A type of knitted fabric (there is also woven pique). Knitted pique has a double-knit fabric constructions and different appearance and face and back of the fabric. For examples of products using pique fabric please see our polo shirts.


A man made fibre introduced in the early 1950s Polyester has high strength (although lower than nylon), excellent resiliency, and high abrasion resistance. It has low absorbency which allows the fibre to dry quickly.

Reactive Dyed

A water soluble dyes that bonds well to cotton and nylon fibres. Reactive dyed garments have superior brightness and colourfastness. For examples of products using reactive dyes please see our polo shirts.

Rib Knit

A type of knitted fabric. Rib knits have a very high degree of elasticity in the crosswise direction. This knitted fabric is used for complete garments and for such specialised uses as sleeve bands, neck bands, sweater waistbands, and special types of trims for use with other knit or woven fabrics. For examples of products using reactive dyes please see our polo shirtst-shirts and sweatshirts.


The ability of a fabric to resist or absorb such things as water, stains, soil, etc.


The ability of a fabric to spring back to its original shape after being twisted, crushed or distorted.


The reduction In length or width of a fibre, yam or fabric. Shrinkage is normally associated with wetting or high temperature.


A term applied to fabrics where space between the fibres are closed, filled, or reduced and therefore will not allow water or air to pass through them.

Water Repellent /Water Resistant

A term applied to fabrics that have been treated with a finish which causes them to shed water or resist water.


The ability of a fibre or a fabric to absorb, disperse moisture and allow it to pass through to the surface of the fabric so that evaporation can take place.

Woven Fabric

Fabrics composed of two sets of yarns. One set of yarns, the warp, runs along the length of the fabric. The other set of yarns, the fill or weft, is perpendicular to the warp. Woven fabrics are held together by weaving the warp and the fill yarns over and under each other. For examples of products using reactive dyes please see our woven shirts and jackets.


A small unwanted or irregular crease in a fabric.

Wrinkle Free Finish

A process, that Improves crease recovery and the ability of a garment to dry without creasing. In the most commonly used process the fabric is treated with a solution that is absorbed by fibres. For examples of products using a wrinkle free finish please see our woven shirts.

Wrinkle Recovery

Similar to resiliency. It is the ability of a fabric to bounce back after it has been twisted, wrinkled, or distorted in any way.


A continuous strand of textile fibres created when a cluster of individual fibres are twisted together. These long yarns are used to create fabrics, either by knitting or weaving.